How Perceived Inequality Can Lead to Political Unrest: Lessons from India
- Perceived inequalities, rather than structural inequalities, are better predictors of the political mobilisation of ethnic groups and potential political unrest.
- Democratic institutions that include minority groups, such as power-sharing agreements, may contribute to preventing ethnic conflict escalation.
- While structural inequality measures help to quantitatively examine the effects of inequalities, policy initiatives also need to account for perceived inequalities. Political violence between natives and immigrants has been observed in many countries. However, the mechanisms underpinning the link between migration and political violence remain poorly understood.
Seraina Rüegger, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
Madhushree Sekher, Tata Institute of Social Sciences, India
Sarah Bütikofer, University of Zurich, Switzerland
r4d Ethnic Power Relations project: